Author(s): Jürgen Moßgraber, Désirée Hilbring, Paraskevi Pouli, Giuseppina Padeletti
Abstract: Environmental factors, worsened by the increasing climate change impact, represent significant threats to European Cultural Heritage (CH) assets. In Europe, the huge number and diversity of CH assets, together with the different climatological sub-regions picture as well as the different adaptation policies to Climate Change adopted (or to be adopted) by the different Nations, generates a very complex scenario. The approach will benefit of a multidisciplinary methodology that will bridge the gap between the two different worlds: the CH stakeholders and the scientific/technological experts since protecting cultural heritage assets and increasing their resilience against effects caused by the climate change is a multidisciplinary task. Experts from many domains need to work together to meets their conservation goals. This paper presents means for facilitating the work for the different experts. A new Ontology has been designed integrating all necessary aspects for improving the resilience of cultural heritages on site. This ontology combines the topics: Cultural Heritage Assets, Stakeholders and Roles, Climate and Weather Effects, Risk Management, Conservation Actions, Materials, Sensors, Models and Observations. Furthermore, a knowledge base has been created, which is based on the developed ontology. It provides different tools for the expert users of the different domains to connect and exchange their information to provide the basis for decision makers to decide, in which ways to protect cultural heritage from climate change effects.
Keywords: Ontology; Knowledge Base; Ontology Visualization; Cultural Heritage